FAQ

How Do Stem Cells Work?

Monday, February 11, 2019

How Do Stem Cells Work?

Regenerative medicine health centers have been seeing a growth in treatment demand. Throughout the history of regenerative medicine, the main focus had been on the body’s natural repair mechanisms and the use of mesenchymal stem cells, cytokines, hyaluronic acid and other substances.

The much-discussed mesenchymal stem cell therapy is among the services regenerative medicine specialists offer. Patients decide to try regenerative medicine treatment such as stem cell treatment for a variety of reasons, mostly for the purpose of alleviating pain and discomfort.

But what are stem cells, what are mesenchymal stem cells and how do they work? Read on to find out more.

What are stem cells?

Stem cells are special cells present in the human body and they can be divided into two main categories: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. They have the potential to differentiate and develop into specialized cell types. Embryonic stem cells are pluripotent, which means they can transform into more than one cell type.

Adult stem cells, which can be subdivided into tissue-specific and mesenchymal stem cells, are more likely to generate just one cell type. For instance, if we were to take adult stem cells from skin tissue, they will most likely be able to generate more skin cells. But that’s not to say adults stem cells can’t be pluripotent as well.

stem-cell-image

What can stem cells do?

First things first: what is mesenchyme? Mesenchyme is derived from the mesoderm. It can differentiate and either form hematopoietic cells or blood cells or connective tissue made up of mesenchymal stem cells.

Because stem cells can self-renew or self-replicate, stem cell therapy and other forms of regenerative medicine treatment may be effective at helping patients dealing with acute injuries and chronic diseases.

Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent stromal cells which can be further transformed into four cell types:

  • Bone cells (osteoblasts),
  • Cartilage cells (chondrocytes),
  • Muscle cells (myocytes) and
  • Fat cells (adipocytes from which marrow adipose tissue is formed).

As mentioned above, their primary role is the formation of skeletal tissues in the bone marrow (bone and cartilage), as well as muscle and bone marrow fat. More recently, however, scientists have discovered that MSCs also have the power to repair damaged tissue as well, which is why they are they are one of the main human cell and tissue products used in regenerative medicine.

Mesenchymal stem cells have the capacity to support soft tissue supplementation and potential regrowth. The result is a considerable reduction of joint swelling, inflammation and pain.

How long does stem cell therapy last?

Stem cell therapy may not take effect immediately, but once it does, the healing effects may continue for up to a year. Once activated, which usually takes place within a week or a few weeks following the stem cell injection procedure, these stem cells will continue to perform their regenerative function. Patients typically report noticing drastic changes in a few months’ time. Your doctor will decide whether you will need multiple treatments to achieve optimal results.

A tailor-made approach for your maximum wellbeing

Here at Rejuvenate Medical Group in Mission Valley, San Diego, we combine the best that advanced regenerative medicine currently has to offer to give you sophisticated, tailor-made solutions for advanced regenerative medicine therapy that may give you lasting pain relief and promote your recovery. Our team has the experience and the expertise to achieve results that you want and you deserve. Call today to schedule your initial appointment for consultation and assessment. Like we always say, we’re in this together, so let us be there for you.

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